In order to comply with current emissions regulations, a detailed analysis of the combustion and emission formation processes in the Diesel engines accounting for the effect of the main operating parameters is required. The present study is based both on 0D and 3D numerical simulations by compiling 0D chemical kinetics calculations for Diesel oil surrogate combustion and emission (soot, NOx) formation mechanisms to construct a φ-T (equivalence ratio - temperature) parametric map. In this map, the regions of emissions formation are depicted defining a possible optimal path between the regions by placing on the same map the engine operation conditions represented by the computational cells, whose parameters (equivalence ratio and temperature) are calculated by means of 3D engine modelling. Unlike previous approaches based on static parametric φ-T maps to analyze different combustion regimes and emission formations in Diesel engines, the present paper focuses on a construction of dynamic φ-T maps, in which the pressures and the elapsed times were taken in compliance with those calculated in the 3D engine simulations. The 0D chemical kinetics calculations have been performed by the SENKIN code of the Chemkin-2 library. In-cylinder conditions represented by computational cells with known φ and T are predicted using KIVA-3V code. When cells are plotted on the map, they identify the trajectories helping to navigate between the emissions regions by varying hardware and injection parameters. Sub-models of the KIVA-3V, rel. 2 code has been modified including spray atomization, droplet collision and evaporation, accounting for multi-component fuel vapor coupled with the improved versions of the chemistry/turbulence interaction model and new formulation of the combustion kinetics for the diesel oil surrogate (consisting in 70 species participating in 310 reactions). Simulations were performed for the HSDI 1.300 Fiat Diesel engine at optimized engine operating conditions and pilot injections. Finally, numerical results are compared with the experimental data on in-cylinder pressure, Rate of Heat Release, RoHR, and selected species distributions.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
CFD Combustion and Emission Formation Modeling for a HSDI Diesel Engine Using Detailed Chemistry
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Golovitchev, VI, Montorsi, L, Rinaldini, CA, & Rosetti, A. "CFD Combustion and Emission Formation Modeling for a HSDI Diesel Engine Using Detailed Chemistry." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. ASME 2006 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference (ICEF2006). Sacramento, California, USA. November 5–8, 2006. pp. 349-358. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2006-1506
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