A model for a possible system to implement Selective NOx Recirculation (SNR) technology for stationary lean-burn natural gas engines was developed. SNR is a NOx (NOx includes the various oxides of nitrogen found in an exhaust stream) removal after-treatment technology with four phases; cooling the hot exhaust gas, NOx adsorption onto a sorbent material, periodic NOx desorption using heat, and NOx decomposition within the combustion process. This paper presents the model, summarizes the research used to develop the model, and presents model output. NOx decomposition in the combustion process was investigated by injecting nitric oxide (NO) into the intake of a Cummins L10G natural gas fueled spark-ignited engine (210 kW at 2100 rpm). Experimental campaigns were conducted during lean-burn and rich-burn operation to quantify in-cylinder NOx decomposition. Data previously published suggest that rich burn is essential for adequate NOx decomposition and that lean burn was ineffective. The NOx adsorption/desorption characteristics of the sorbent material were quantified using a bench top adsorption system equipped with four thermocouples, an in-line heater, a mass flow controller and a Rosemont Analytical NOx analyzer. The sorbent chamber was filled with activated carbon sorbent material. Extensive testing of the adsorption characteristics using 500 ppm NO (balance nitrogen) from a pressure tank yielded a mass percent of .0005 NO to carbon. These results suggested that unacceptably large adsorbers would be needed in industrial applications. However, further measurement using real exhaust showed a loading of 0.65 mass percent of NO to carbon. The presence of oxygen and water are implicated in this improved adsorption. This scaled system considered the heating rates (for desorption) and cooling rates (for adsorption) for the bed at the time when desorption and adsorption processes were initiated. An adsorption/desorption model that considered gas temperature and heat and mass transfer was formulated based on these data. A simplified linear driving force model was developed to predict NOx adsorption into the sorbent material as cooled exhaust passed over fresh sorbent material.

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