It is well known that water can be used to prevent NOx formation during a combustion process. It is based on the principle by decreasing flame temperature with increasing the specific heat capacity of combustion air by adding water to a combustion chamber. Introducing water into a charge air enables much more water addition into a combustion chamber than other methods, which can reduce NOx emission to lower level than the others. The method has also the advantage of low installation cost. In a general water injection system for a charge air only hot water is sprayed into the charge air and vaporized, but more effective means to introduce water into the charge air is needed because only small amount of water is evaporated in hot water injection system. In this study, steam and hot moisturizing water are injected simultaneously. The steam supplies steady additional energy for evaporation of the water and can be vapor by itself. The new method was evaluated for NOx reduction performance on a medium speed diesel engine. NOx emission was reduced to 10∼38% on the 27∼59gram water per kilogram dry air.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.