NOx control in a lean burn natural gas engine is typically achieved with appropriate management of air/fuel ratio and ignition timing. A novel approach for further reduction involves the capture of NOx by first adsorbing the NOx from the exhaust stream, followed by the periodic desorption of NOx from an aftertreatment medium. Then, by passing the desorbed NOx gas into the intake air stream and back through the engine, a percentage of the NOx will be converted to harmless gases during the combustion process. The objective of this paper is to report the NOx conversion phenomenon during a lean combustion process. The results of this testing will be used to develop an optimal system for the conversion of NOx with a NOx adsorber. A 1993 Cummins L10-G spark ignited natural gas engine was used to conduct the experiments. Commercially available nitric oxide (NO, 98.8% purity) was injected into the engine intake to mimic the NOx stream from the desorption process to obtain NO conversion rates at various steady-state engine operating points. The NO injection system was capable of injecting NO at varying flow rates and time intervals. NO was injected into the intake manifold for ten and twenty second periods, and the conversion rates were calculated. When the injected NO amount increased from 0.22 g/s to 1.2 g/s and engine loads varied from 200ft-lb to 400ft-lb at 800 RPM, the NO conversion rates increased from 5% to 47%. It was observed that the air/fuel ratio, injected NO quantity and the engine load greatly effected the NO conversion rates. It was also noted that engine speed had a negligible affect when the intake NO concentration was held constant.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Selective NOx Recirculation for Stationary Lean-Burn Natural Gas Engines
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Tissera, CA, Swartz, MM, Tatli, E, Vellaisamy, R, Clark, NN, Thompson, GJ, Nine, RD, & Atkinson, RJ. "Selective NOx Recirculation for Stationary Lean-Burn Natural Gas Engines." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. ASME 2004 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Long Beach, California, USA. October 24–27, 2004. pp. 687-693. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2004-0839
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