2-piece and 3-piece oil ring designs were tested in dynamometer and vehicles in order to evaluate the ring type influence on lube oil consumption of spark ignited (SI) engines. The dynamometer tests were executed according a typical durability cycle of SI engines. This cycle is predominantly in full load conditions. Under these conditions, 2-piece oil ring design showed lower lube oil consumption than 3-piece. Two different vehicle tests were also run: urban and mountain circuits. The purpose of the urban circuit test was to simulate the actual use of the engine. The mountain circuit was selected to verify the rings behavior under motoring conditions. In vehicle tests, 3-piece showed lower or equivalent oil consumption than 2 piece, which disagreed with the dynamometer tests. This difference can be explained by the better side sealing capacity of the 3-piece oil ring. On the other hand, 2-piece oil rings present better conformability, important for applications with larger bore distortion. So, the most appropriate application of oil ring type depends on the load and speed conditions, in which the engine would predominantly operate. Ring wear and thermal stability are compared using bench and vehicle tests.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Oil Ring Design Influence on Lube Oil Consumption of SI Engines
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Ferrarese, A, & Rovai, FF. "Oil Ring Design Influence on Lube Oil Consumption of SI Engines." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. ASME 2004 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Long Beach, California, USA. October 24–27, 2004. pp. 617-623. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2004-0868
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