Recent four value HSDI Diesel engines are able to control the swirl intensity, in order to enhance the in-cylinder flow field at partial load without decreasing breathing capabilities at full load. Making reference to a current production engine, the purpose of this paper is to envestiage the influence of port design and flow-control strategies on both engine permeability and in-cylinder flow field. Using previously validated models, 3-D CFD simulations of the intake and compression strokes are performed in order to predict the in-cylinder flow patterns originated by the different configurations. The comparison between the two configurations in terms of airflow at full load indicates that Geometry 2 can trap 3.03% more air than Geometry 1, while the swirl intensity at IVC is reduced (−30%). The closure of one intake valve (the left one) is very effective to enhance the swirl intensity at partial load: the Swirl Ratio at IVC passes from 0.7 to 2.6 for Geometry 1, while for Geometry 2 it varies from 0.4 to 2.9.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Numerical Analysis of Swirl Control Strategies in a Four Valve HSDI Diesel Engine
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Fontanesi, S, Mattarelli, E, & Montorsi, L. "Numerical Analysis of Swirl Control Strategies in a Four Valve HSDI Diesel Engine." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. ASME 2004 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Long Beach, California, USA. October 24–27, 2004. pp. 581-592. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2004-0909
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