A compound diesel HCCI combustion technology has been developed based on the combustion strategies of combination of controlled premixed charge compression ignition (CPCCI) through multi-injections and lean diffusion combustion (LDC) organized by a mixing enhanced combustion chamber. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fuel spray evolution during multi-injections, heat release mode, thermo-efficiency and exhaust emissions from the compound combustion. In this work, the STAR-CD based, multidimensional modeling is employed to improve the understanding and assist the optimization of the multiple injection process. The parameters explored include the effects of injection timing, dwell time, and the pulse width. Insight generated from these studies provides guidelines on designing an injection profile for optimization of fuel-air mixing. By comparison of different heat release modes of conventional diesel combustion, the pure HCCI combustion and the compound HCCI combustion, the engine heat release can be summarized as forward concentrated mode (FC mode), post concentrated mode (PC mode) and dispersed mode (DS mode). The FC mode gives the highest thermo-efficiency but with highest NOx emissions. The PC mode gets lower NOx emissions but with the drawback of lower thermo-efficiency and higher soot emissions. The DS mode is a flexible heat release mode created by the compound HCCI combustion. A typical DS mode reveals two equivalent peaks of heat release. The first peak represents the CPCCI combustion and the later peak represents the lean diffusion combustion. The thermo-efficiency in a DS mode can reach approximately as high as that in FC mode, while NOx and soot emission can be reduced simultaneously and remarkably. The combustion efficiency and the heat loss in different combustion mode are also discussed.

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