The exhaust emissions form a single-cylinder version of a heavy-duty diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) were measured with eight high-cetane components blended into an ultra-low sulphur diesel base fuel. the blending components evaluated were conventional nitrate and peroxide cetane improver additives, paraffins from two sources, three ethers, and soy methyl ester. The blending components were used to increase the cetane number of a base fuel by ten numbers, from 44 to 54. Exhaust emissions were measured using the AVL eight-mode steady-state test procedure. PM and NOx emissions from the engine were fairly insensitive to ignition quality improvement by nitrate and peroxide cetane improvers. Soy methyl ester and two of the ethers, 1,4 diethoxybutane and 2-ethoxyethyl ether, significantly reduced PM emissions, but increased ONx emissions. The two paraffinic blending components reduced both PM and NOx emissions.

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