In order to fulfill the LEV/ULEV exhaust emission standards, it is necessary to have a precise control of air fuel ratio under transient conditions especially during cold start and warm up periods. The objective in this study was to estimate parameters of a fuel delivery model and use them to provide a correct fuel injection compensation strategy. In this study, fuel transfer characteristics of intake port of a typical fuel-injected spark ignition engine have been determined for engine warm-up conditions following cold starts at temperature down to −15°C and extending to fully-warmed-up conditions, using a method based upon perturbing fuel injection rate and recording AFR (Air Fuel Ratio) response. Since there was no cold chamber available to perform tests in cold start conditions, a new method was utilized to simulate cold start conditions. This method can be used on any PFI engine with closed valve injection strategy. Following the estimation of fuel transfer model parameters, the variation of fuel film deposit factor (X), fuel film evaporation time constant (τf) and transport delay to oxygen sensor (ΔT) parameters over a range of temperatures, engine speeds and intake manifold pressures have been evaluated, providing a good insight to define transient fuel compensation requirements for cold start and warm up conditions.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.