Historically, a succession of thermodynamic processes has been used to idealize the operating cycles of internal combustion engines. In this study, the 256 possible combinations of four reversible processes – isentropic, isothermal, isochoric, and isobaric – are surveyed in search of cycles promising superior thermal efficiency. Regenerative cycles are excluded. The established concept of the air-standard cycle, which mimics the internal combustion engine as a closed-cycle heat engine, is used to narrow the field systematically. The approach relies primarily on graphical interpretation of approximate temperature-entropy diagrams and is qualitative only. In addition to identifying the cycles offering the greatest efficiency potential, the compromise between thermal efficiency and mean effective pressure is addressed.
- Internal Combustion Engine Division
Applying Thermodynamics in Search of Superior Engine Efficiency
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Amann, CA. "Applying Thermodynamics in Search of Superior Engine Efficiency." Proceedings of the ASME 2002 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference. Design, Application, Performance and Emissions of Modern Internal Combustion Engine Systems and Components. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. September 8–11, 2002. pp. 53-59. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICEF2002-483
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