A computer model that addresses the wear behavior by calculating hydrodynamic and asperity contact pressures was used to optimize the running face of three-piece oil control rings. The model incorporates Reynolds equation to calculate the oil film thickness for two sliding surfaces under a given condition (profile and topography of the surfaces, load, speed, lubricant viscosity grade and operation temperature). Prediction of the resultant asperity contact pressures is made by Greenwood-Williamson model. More scraping ring rail profiles are better for oil control, but present more wear due to higher asperity contact pressures. This higher wear can lead to less scraping profile, increasing ring end gap and lower ring tangential load, which deteriorates long term oil consumption control, hence engine durability. In the present work, a relatively simple computer program was used to predict lube oil film thickness and wear for different rail running profiles. Ring wear was assumed to be proportional to the calculated asperity contact pressure. Different rail profiles where the running profiles had a flat portion varying from less than 0.10 mm to higher than 0.20 mm were simulated and then tested in a bench test consisting in an electrical motored engine. Except for the combustion absence, all other engine characteristics were preserved (e.g., stroke, piston-ring pack, lubrication system) in the bench test. The measured oil control ring wear correlated very well with the predicted one. The model allowed the numerical optimization of the running profile of ring rail, which has lower asperity contact pressure, hence wear, but still has a good scraping capability. Two actual ICE tests were also realized. The predicted lower wear of the optimized profile was experimentally confirmed and no differences on LOC were found.

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