An experimental investigation of R410A condensation outside a horizontal smooth tube, a herringbone tube and a newly developed enhanced surface EHT tube has been conducted. The herringbone tube has a fin root diameter of 11.43 mm, a helical angle of 21.3 °, 48 fins with a fin height of 0.262 mm and an apex angle of 36 °, the EHT tube has an outer diameter of 11.5 mm with special structure, while the smooth tube has an outer diameter of 11.43 mm. Experiments were taken at a constant saturation temperature of 45 °C, a constant inlet vapor quality of 0.8 and a constant outlet vapor quality of 0.1; mass flux ranging from 5 kg/(m2.s) to 250 kg/(m2.s). Those tubes have different heat transfer performance at different mass flux. The EHT tube has the least heat transfer coefficient than the other two tubes at a low mass flux, while at a high mass flux, the enhanced tubes have a better heat transfer performance than the smooth tube. Heat transfer performance combined with pressure drop measurements reveal that the herringbone tube generally has a better heat transfer performance than the EHT tube, pointing out the herringbone is a wise choice for shell side condensation instead of the EHT tube. Characteristic analysis is made to account for various phenomena in this series of experiments.

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