Molecular dynamics simulation was performed to investigate pool boiling heat transfer of nanofluids on rough walls. Nanoparticle movement was calculated to investigate the physical mechanisms of boiling heat transfer. The simulated system consisted of four regions: vapor argon, liquid argon, solid copper, and copper nanoparticles, and three cases were considered: base fluids (case A), nanoparticles far from the wall (case B), and nanoparticles near the wall (case C). Boiling heat transfer was enhanced by the addition of nanoparticles, and the enhancement increased with increasing heating temperature. Case C showed that nanoparticles were adsorbed on the nonevaporated film and did not move with the fluids. Thus, nanoparticles enhanced heat and energy transfer between the wall and fluids. Case B showed that nanoparticles moved randomly in the fluid area, which enhanced heat transfer within the fluid.

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