Data centers in recent years have grown so fast so that their energy consumptions become a big issue in the industrial sector. One of the strategies to make better use of energy in data centers is to improve the efficiency in cooling. As the load density in data centers increases dramatically over the years, the number of computer room air handlers (CRAHs) are also increased to accommodate the high cooling demands. However, the number of CRAH units and their layouts really affect the air flow through the perforated tiles. Non-uniform airflow distributions in the perorated tiles in the cold aisles cause inefficient cooling of all the servers mounted in racks in data centers. Application of necessary strategies to minimize airflow non-uniformity is therefore very important because of its direct impact on the power density capacity. In this paper, a simulation study to examine how computer room air handler (CRAH) positions, the number of operating units, and tile types affect the airflow uniformity in selected data center models. Also, the placement of mixed tiles in cold aisles to regulate the airflow through the perforated tiles to accommodate greater heat loads from server racks is evaluated.

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