Electrowetting has drawn significant interests due to the potential applications in electronic displays, lab-on-a-chip devices and electro-optical switches, etc. Current understanding of electrowetting-induced droplet dynamics is hindered by the inadequacy of available numerical and theoretical models in properly handling the dynamic contact angle at the moving contact line. A combined numerical and experimental approach was employed in this work to study the spatiotemporal responses of a droplet subject to EW with both direct current and alternating current actuating signals. The time evolution of the droplet shape was measured using high-speed photography. Computational fluid dynamics models were developed by using the Volume of Fluid-Continuous Surface Force method in conjunction with a selected dynamic contact angle model. It was found that the numerical models were able to accurately predict the key parameters of the electrowetting-induced droplet dynamics.
- Heat Transfer Division
Dynamics of Droplet Motion Induced by Electrowetting
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Lu, Y, Sur, A, Liu, D, Pascente, C, & Ruchhoeft, P. "Dynamics of Droplet Motion Induced by Electrowetting." Proceedings of the ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Thermophysical Properties; Theory and Fundamentals in Heat Transfer; Nanoscale Thermal Transport; Heat Transfer in Equipment; Heat Transfer in Fire and Combustion; Transport Processes in Fuel Cells and Heat Pipes; Boiling and Condensation in Macro, Micro and Nanosystems. Washington, DC, USA. July 10–14, 2016. V001T04A007. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2016-7331
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