Electrowetting has drawn significant interests due to the potential applications in electronic displays, lab-on-a-chip devices and electro-optical switches, etc. Current understanding of electrowetting-induced droplet dynamics is hindered by the inadequacy of available numerical and theoretical models in properly handling the dynamic contact angle at the moving contact line. A combined numerical and experimental approach was employed in this work to study the spatiotemporal responses of a droplet subject to EW with both direct current and alternating current actuating signals. The time evolution of the droplet shape was measured using high-speed photography. Computational fluid dynamics models were developed by using the Volume of Fluid-Continuous Surface Force method in conjunction with a selected dynamic contact angle model. It was found that the numerical models were able to accurately predict the key parameters of the electrowetting-induced droplet dynamics.

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