Combined natural convection and forced convection gets a great attention for its importance in practical applications in various modern systems such as electronic cooling, chemical vapor deposition and solar energy systems. Buoyancy force due to the heating of the lower cavity wall induces secondary flows hence the local heat transfer increases. The onset point of the secondary flows is important because it delineates the region after which the two-dimensional laminar flow becomes three-dimensional and a transition motion from laminar to turbulent flow is observed.
In this paper, mixed convection in a horizontal channel partially filled with a porous medium and the lower wall heated at uniform heat flux is studied experimentally and numerically. The heated wall temperature profiles as a function of the Gr/Re2 values are presented. Pictures of flow visualization along longitudinal, transversal and horizontal section are given. Average Nusselt numbers are evaluated.
Results in terms of wall temperature profiles, local and average Nusselt numbers are presented for different Reynolds and Rayleigh number values. Some comparison between experimental and numerical results are accomplished.