In this paper, a numerical model employing 3D foam structure represented by Weaire-Phelan foam cell is developed to study the steady heat conduction of high porosity open-cell metal foam/paraffin composite at the pore-scale level. Two conduction problems are considered in the cubic representative computation unit of the composite material: one with constant temperature difference between opposite sides of the cubic unit (that can be used to determine the effective thermal conductivity (ETC)) and the second with constant heat flux at the interface between metal foam and paraffin (that can be used to determine the interstitial conduction heat transfer coefficient (ICHTC)). The effects of foam pore structure parameters (pore size and porosity) on heat conduction are investigated for the above two problems. Results show that for the first conduction problem, the effect of foam structure on heat conduction (i.e. the ETC) is related to porosity rather than pore size. The essential reason is due to the thermal equilibrium state between metal foam and paraffin indicated by the negligible interstitial heat transfer. While for the second conduction problem with inherent thermal non-equilibrium effect, it shows that both porosity and pore size significantly influence the interstitial heat conduction (i.e. the ICHTC). Furthermore, the present ETC and ICHTC data are compared to the results in the published literature. It shows that our ETC data agree well with the reported experimental results, and are more accurate than the numerical predications based on body-centered-cubic foam cell in literature. And our ICHTC data are in qualitative agreement with the published numerical results, but the present results are based on a more realistic foam structure.
- Heat Transfer Division
Numerical Study of Heat Conduction of High Porosity Open-Cell Metal Foam/Paraffin Composite at Pore Scale
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Yao, Y, Wu, H, & Liu, Z. "Numerical Study of Heat Conduction of High Porosity Open-Cell Metal Foam/Paraffin Composite at Pore Scale." Proceedings of the ASME 2016 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2016 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2016 14th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Thermophysical Properties; Theory and Fundamentals in Heat Transfer; Nanoscale Thermal Transport; Heat Transfer in Equipment; Heat Transfer in Fire and Combustion; Transport Processes in Fuel Cells and Heat Pipes; Boiling and Condensation in Macro, Micro and Nanosystems. Washington, DC, USA. July 10–14, 2016. V001T02A006. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2016-7386
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