In Lurgi-Thyssen dedusting system of steelmaking converter, the evaporative cooler represents a crucial operating unit, in which the hot dust-laden flue gas has to be cooled by saturation with water. The cooling process of the gas consists of gas-liquid two phase flow and interphase heat and mass transfer. In this paper, k-epsilon standard equations and Lagrange discrete phase model are employed to describe the gas turbulent flow and the heat/mass transfer with droplet evaporation individually. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation for practical engineering project shows that the large-flux cooling gas is commonly constructed in a non-uniform flow caused by the sharp turnings at the inlet and outlet channels. The unevenness of velocity distribution and the effective cooling height are defined in this paper to evaluate the cooling flow process. A series of newly designed structures with guide plate are investigated by CFD method to eliminate the problems with the non-uniformity. The results of numerical simulation show that optimal designed guide ring plate could improve the flow uniformity and the heat transfer. The investigations have been used to guide the engineering application.
- Heat Transfer Division
Numerical Simulation and Structure Optimization of Converter Gas Evaporative Cooler
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Jiang, Z, Chen, P, Liu, P, & Tian, G. "Numerical Simulation and Structure Optimization of Converter Gas Evaporative Cooler." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2013 7th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and the ASME 2013 11th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. Volume 2: Heat Transfer Enhancement for Practical Applications; Heat and Mass Transfer in Fire and Combustion; Heat Transfer in Multiphase Systems; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology. Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. July 14–19, 2013. V002T07A030. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2013-17101
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