While the liftoff mechanisms of nitrogen-diluted methane jet flames have been well documented, higher order fuels, such as ethylene, have not been studied as extensively with regards to flame stabilization and behavior. Higher order fuels generally burn more intensely, and thus produce much different stabilization patterns than those of simple hydrocarbon fuels, such as methane. The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of nitrogen dilution on ethylene combustion and compare to that witnessed in typical methane jet flames; specifically, the influence on the liftoff height, blowout, and flame chemiluminescence. Liftoff and blowout velocities were compared for various mixtures of ethylene without nitrogen. It was observed that the reason behind the varying stabilization patterns is due to the higher thermal diffusivity of ethylene as well the higher flame speeds that are characterized in the combustion of ethylene. Using a sequence of images from each mixture, the flame liftoff heights were recorded. Due to the strong chemiluminescence of ethylene flames, little fluctuation between liftoff parameters was observed, with respect the velocity; however, there was a significant effect on the liftoff height, with respect to dilution. Blowout for fuel mixtures was much more difficult to achieve due to the higher thermal diffusivity of ethylene, meaning the flame would stabilize at positions much farther downstream than those of simple hydrocarbon fuels.

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