Electric vehicle (EV) technology faces a substantial challenge in terms of driving range, especially when the vehicle’s climate control system relies entirely on the onboard electric battery. Therefore, we are developing an advanced adsorption-based thermal battery (ATB) capable of delivering both heating and cooling for electric vehicles with minimal use of the electric battery bank. While adsorption based climate control systems offer the advantage of direct usage of primary thermal energy sources for operation, they typically have low COP values, and are often bulky and heavy. A compact and lightweight ATB is necessary to replace existing climate control systems in EVs that use electric battery for operation. In this paper, we present a detailed computational analysis of adsorption kinetics taking place within an adsorption bed that is capable of delivering large cooling and heating capacities by making use of novel adsorbents. The overall design of the adsorption bed, which is a critical element in achieving a high performance thermal battery, is also discussed. To make performance predictions, we characterized the adsorbents to obtain their thermophysical and transport properties as well as adsorption characteristics. The model consequently incorporates these measured properties to predict the performance variation as a function of time. This work provides the critical parameters affecting heating and cooling rates, and identifies avenues for further improvement in the overall performance of the thermal battery.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.