The evaluation and improvement of internal combustion engine performance is a challenge of major importance and it has been the object of research efforts over the last centuries. Phenomena like fuel cavitation inside diesel injector nozzles, the formation of spray and its break-up in the combustion chamber as well as the impingement of fuel droplets on engine walls are known to have a great influence on energy release during combustion and on pollutant formation and emissions, as well.
In this work, a methodology based on the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) is used to directly simulate phenomena affecting diesel injection. LBM is a numerical method based on Boltzmann’s Kinetic Equation, which has been successfully employed in recent years for the simulation of phenomena of technical interest.
The results of LB simulations are displayed and compared to experimental data from literature, proving the accuracy of the proposed investigation method.