An experimental investigation of an oscillating heat pipe (OHP) with an inner surface coated with a copper oxide (CuO) layer was conducted. The OHP has six turns and three sections: evaporator, condenser and adiabatic section with the lengths of 40 mm, 64 mm and 51 mm, respectively. The cleaned copper tubing was chemically treated with a chemical solution and heated in a furnace. A layer of CuO was formed in the inner surface of the OHP. A working fluid (water in this study) at filling ratios ranging from 40% to 70% was studied. The experimental results show that the CuO layer can enhance the heat transfer performance of the OHP. The investigation results in a new way to enhance the heat transfer performance of an OHP.

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