Oxygen bottom blowing smelting for copper is a totally new metallurgical technology, which was set up in China and put into operation in 2008. This new technology is different from top blowing and side blowing which were popular in 70’s last century. Production practice demonstrate that the new process is characterized by having a good condition and high thermal efficiency for heat transfer, and its heat transfer rate is about 1.7 times that of Noranda process. In the furnace, therefore, raw feed molten is fast, smelting intensity is high. Under very strong continuously stirring in the bath, gas-liquid-solid there phases formed are of higher heat transfer index by convection.
- Heat Transfer Division
Heat Transfer Process of Oxygen Bottom Blowing for Copper Smelting
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Shen, D, Cui, Z, Wang, Z, & Bian, R. "Heat Transfer Process of Oxygen Bottom Blowing for Copper Smelting." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Theory and Fundamental Research; Aerospace Heat Transfer; Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Environmental Heat Transfer; Visualization of Heat Transfer; Education and Future Directions in Heat Transfer. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 977-982. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2012-58594
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