Welding defects such as undercuts, porosity, irregular beads are frequently observed in laser welds due to the fast cooling rate and no filler metal addition in the process. In addition, increasing penetration depth is a challenging issue in laser welding. Some preliminary experimental studies indicated that applying electromagnetic force in laser welding could be an effective solution to some of these problems. However, the underlying physics behind this electro-magnetically assisted laser welding is not clear and needs further investigation. In this paper, mathematical models are used to study the transport phenomena, such as heat transfer and melt flow, in both spot and 3-D electro-magnetically assisted laser welding. Studies are focused on understanding the effects of electromagnetic forces on heat generation and transfer, weld pool dynamics, cooling and solidification, porosity prevention, weld shape control, and penetration depth.
- Heat Transfer Division
Effects of Using an External Electromagnetic Force on Transport Phenomena and Weld Quality in Laser Welding
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Zhou, J, & Tsai, H. "Effects of Using an External Electromagnetic Force on Transport Phenomena and Weld Quality in Laser Welding." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Theory and Fundamental Research; Aerospace Heat Transfer; Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Environmental Heat Transfer; Visualization of Heat Transfer; Education and Future Directions in Heat Transfer. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 937-942. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2012-58256
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