The diffusion absorption refrigeration (DAR) cycle can provide refrigeration in remote locations using waste-heat or other low-grade-thermal input. Unlike conventional absorption systems, the DAR cycle receives no mechanical input, so all flows must be driven by passive mechanisms. Further, a third inert gas is employed to allow refrigerant expansion since conventional throttling devices impart large pressure drops. Thus, DAR absorber design is challenging due to increased mass transfer resistance from the inert gas, multiple outlet flow paths for the inert gas and solution, and limited (passive) external cooling. In the present study, a detailed, coupled heat and mass transfer model is developed for a counter-flow serpentine-tube DAR absorber. The model is applied to the analysis of an absorber for a small-scale refrigeration system with a 36 W cooling capacity. Studies are conducted to investigate the effect of key configuration and operational parameters on absorber performance, and guidelines are provided for component and system design.
- Heat Transfer Division
Design and Analysis of the Absorber Component in Waste-Heat-Driven Diffusion Absorption Refrigeration Systems
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Rattner, AS, & Garimella, S. "Design and Analysis of the Absorber Component in Waste-Heat-Driven Diffusion Absorption Refrigeration Systems." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1: Heat Transfer in Energy Systems; Theory and Fundamental Research; Aerospace Heat Transfer; Gas Turbine Heat Transfer; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing; Heat and Mass Transfer in Biotechnology; Environmental Heat Transfer; Visualization of Heat Transfer; Education and Future Directions in Heat Transfer. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico, USA. July 8–12, 2012. pp. 459-474. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2012-58608
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