Computational analysis of transient phenomenon followed by the periodic state of laminar flow and heat transfer due to a rectangular rotating object in a square cavity is investigated. A finite-volume-based fixed-grid/sliding mesh computational methodology utilizing primitive variables is used. Rectangular rotating objects with different aspect ratios (AR = 1, 2, 3, 4) are placed in the middle of a square cavity. The motionless object is set in rotation at time t = 0 with a constant angular velocity. For the insulated and isothermal objects, the cavity is maintained as differentially-heated and isothermal enclosures, respectively. Natural convection heat transfer is neglected. For a given shape of the object and a constant angular velocity, a range of rotating Reynolds numbers are covered for a Pr = 5 fluid. The Reynolds numbers were selected so that the flow field is not affected by the Taylor instabilities (Ta < 1750). The periodic flow field, the interaction of the rotating objects with the recirculating vortices at the four corners and the periodic channelling effect of the traversing vertices are clearly elucidated. The corresponding thermal fields in relation to the evolving flow patterns and the skewness of the temperature contours in comparison to conduction-only case were discussed. The skewness is observed to become more marked as the Reynolds number is lowered. Transient variations of the average Nusselt numbers of the respective systems show that for high Re numbers, a quasi-periodic behavior due to the onset of the Taylor instabilities is dominant, whereas for low Re numbers, periodicity of the system is clearly observed. Time-integrated average Nusselt numbers of the insulated and isothermal object systems were correlated to the rotational Reynolds number and the aspect ratio of the rectangle. For high Re numbers, the performance of the system is independent of the aspect ratio. On the other hand, with lowering of the hydraulic diameter (i.e. bigger objects), objects with the highest and lowest aspect ratios exhibit the highest and lowest heat transfer, respectively. High intensity of the periodic channelling and not its frequency are identified as the cause of the observed enhancement.

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