Steady simulations have been performed to investigate tip leakage flow and heat transfer characteristics on the casing and rotor blade tip in a single stage turbine engine. A turbine stage of stator and rotor was modeled with a pressure ratio of 3.2. The predicted isentropic Mach number and adiabatic wall temperature on the casing showed good agreement with available experimental data. The effects of tip clearance height and rotor rotational speed on the blade tip and casing heat transfer characteristics are mainly considered. It is observed that the tip leakage flow structure is highly dependent on the height of the tip gap as well as speeds of the rotor blade. In all cases, flow separates just around the corner of the pressure side of the blade tip. The region of recirculating flow increases with the increase of the clearance height. Then the flow reattaches on the tip surface near the suction side beyond the flow separation. This flow reattachment enhances surface heat transfer. The leakage flow interaction with the reverse cross flow, induced by relative casing motion, is found to have significant effect on the blade tip and casing heat transfer distribution. Critical region of high heat transfer on the casing exists near the blade tip leading edge and along the pressure side edge at all clearance height. Whereas, at high speed rotation, it tends to move towards the trailing edge due to the change of inflow angle.
- Heat Transfer Division
Tip Leakage Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics on Rotor Casing and Blade Tip in an Axial Gas Turbine Engine: Steady Analysis
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Rahman, MH, Kim, SI, & Hassan, I. "Tip Leakage Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics on Rotor Casing and Blade Tip in an Axial Gas Turbine Engine: Steady Analysis." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the Fluids Engineering, Energy Sustainability, and 3rd Energy Nanotechnology Conferences. Heat Transfer: Volume 2. Jacksonville, Florida, USA. August 10–14, 2008. pp. 635-644. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2008-56382
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