Directional preference of the ballistic phonon transport plays an important role in the effective thermal conductivity of nanostructures. Curved nanowires can have very different thermal conductivities from straight ones. In this work, a Monte-Carlo simulator is developed and used to investigate the curvature effect on the phonon transport in silicon nanowires. The results show that the curvature of geometry does not alter the phonon transport efficiency in large wires but decreases the effective thermal conductivity in their nano-sized counterparts.

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