The aim of this work is to develop a guarded hot plate test apparatus for measuring the thermal conductivity of polymer specimen, the size of which is smaller and thicker than that recommended by the ISO and JIS. The authors made three experimental apparatus suitable for the different sizes of specimen 50×50, 100×100 and 200×200 mm2 in area, measured the thermal conductivity of polymer as homogeneous materials, which ranged from 0.2 to 0.6 W·m−1·K−1, and carried out the numerical analysis. The uncertainty for the measurement of the thermal conductivity of the polymer specimens is estimated to be within ±4% using our test apparatus. For the test apparatus suitable for the specimen 50×50 mm2, the gap has an effect on the measurement of the thermal conductivity. In addition, the temperature difference ΔTg of the heat source has a direct influence on the deviation in the thermal conductivity data. The influence of the aspect ratio of the specimen and gap width on the measurement is estimated to be within 0.9% for the specimens 50×50 mm2 used in the present study.

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