We experimentally measured the heat-transport characteristics of a bubble-driven heat-transport device. The device consisted of a non-looped copper tube containing water. The tube was either meandered or spiraled to form tube bundles. The inner surface of the tube was smooth and its diameter small enough to enable the formation of vapor and liquid plugs in it. Two copper blocks were attached to the tube bundles, one as a heating block and the other as a cooling block. In the experiment, most of the wall temperatures measured on the tube fluctuated periodically at a quasi-steady state. Time-averaged temperature gradients between the heating and cooling sections of the device were constant. By increasing heater input from 300W to 350W, the amplitude of the temperature fluctuations decreased and the temperature gradients increased significantly. This behavior was regarded as a transition to critical heat transport condition. The effective thermal conductivity of the device was proportional to the heat-transport rate but did not depend on the formation of the tube bundle and the gravity effect. The temperature fluctuations had specific peak frequencies and a positive correlation was found between the frequency and effective thermal conductivity. These experimental results strongly suggest that the main heat-transport mechanism of the investigated device is based on the oscillation-induced transport of sensible heat.
- Heat Transfer Division
An Experimental Study of a Bubble-Driven Heat-Transport Device
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Suzuki, O. "An Experimental Study of a Bubble-Driven Heat-Transport Device." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2007 Thermal Engineering Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2007 InterPACK Conference. ASME/JSME 2007 Thermal Engineering Heat Transfer Summer Conference, Volume 1. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. July 8–12, 2007. pp. 691-696. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2007-32758
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