A three dimensional numerical simulation study has been carried out to predict air flow and temperature distribution in flat-tube heat exchangers. Due to the symmetry in geometrical construction, a section of heat exchanger has been considered for CFD analysis by using PHOENICS software. The k-ε turbulence model has been used to solve the transport equations for turbulent flow energy and the dissipation rate. In order to check the validity of the computational modeling, the results were compared with the measured flow parameters such as pressure and velocity distribution. It is found that both the heat transfer coefficient and the pressure drop for the shell-side are in good arrangement with experimental results. Comparing with circular-tube heat exchangers, the simulation result shows that the pressure drop of flat-tube heat exchangers decreases 12%∼20%, and the coefficient of integral performance Nu/ζ0.29 has an increment, which is between 22%∼34%.

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