The internal flow of an evaporating polymer solution droplet on a substrate is experimentally studied. The flow visualization is carried out. The effect of the initial polymer concentration is further investigated. A polystyrene-acetophenone (PS-Ap) and a polystyrene-anisole (PS-Ani) solution are employed as the droplet. A nylon powder is mixed with the droplet for the visualization by a YAG-laser sheet light. The droplet evaporates after the settlement on the substrate. Without the polymer dissolved in the solvent, complicated flow is observed in both droplets. For the cases with dissolved polymer, the flow pattern is rectified. In the PS-Ap droplet, the source flow is observed for the initial solute mass fraction c0 = 0.005 – 0.20. This convection becomes strong as c0 increases. The mechanism of the flow inside the PS-Ap droplet can be understood by the combination of the natural convection and Marangoni convection due to the differences of the temperature and the solute concentration. As for the PS-Ani droplet, the evaporation process and the flow pattern are affected by c0. For the dilute solution (0 < c0 < 0.03), the contact angle decreases during the contact line receding. The observed flow pattern becomes similar to that in the PS-Ap droplet. At c0 = 0.08 – 0.2, the decline of the contact angle is remarkable and the direction of the internal flow becomes inverse. This flow mechanism cannot be clarified, but it may have the relations with the decreasing contact angle.
- Heat Transfer Division
Effect of the Initial Solute Concentration on the Flow Pattern Inside an Evaporating Polymer Solution Droplet on a Substrate
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Kaneda, M, Hyakuta, K, Ishizuka, H, & Fukai, J. "Effect of the Initial Solute Concentration on the Flow Pattern Inside an Evaporating Polymer Solution Droplet on a Substrate." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2007 Thermal Engineering Heat Transfer Summer Conference collocated with the ASME 2007 InterPACK Conference. ASME/JSME 2007 Thermal Engineering Heat Transfer Summer Conference, Volume 1. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. July 8–12, 2007. pp. 1091-1097. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2007-32718
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