A macroscopic finite elements model of heat transfer occurring during production of carbon nanotubes was developed. Radiation heat transfer was modeled using the Discrete Ordinates (DO) model and the Rosseland diffusion approximation. The arc is modeled as semitransparent, with the optical thickness ranging from zero to infinity. The results are compared to the limited data available. The optical thickens has a significant impact on the temperature field in (i) the arc and (ii) the anode surfaces exposed to the arc. The temperature of the cathode side-surface on which the small diameter carbon nanotube grew, is not sensitive to the optical thickness of the arc. The model indicates that the optical thickness of the arc should be high, aL ≥ 100.
- Heat Transfer Division and Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
Radiative Heat Transfer During Growth of Carbon Nanotubes by Vertical Electric-Arc Process
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Ostrogorsky, AG, & Glicksman, LR. "Radiative Heat Transfer During Growth of Carbon Nanotubes by Vertical Electric-Arc Process." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 Summer Heat Transfer Conference collocated with the ASME 2005 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Integration and Packaging of MEMS, NEMS, and Electronic Systems. Heat Transfer: Volume 4. San Francisco, California, USA. July 17–22, 2005. pp. 997-1003. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2005-72781
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