A macroscopic finite elements model of heat transfer occurring during production of carbon nanotubes was developed. Radiation heat transfer was modeled using the Discrete Ordinates (DO) model and the Rosseland diffusion approximation. The arc is modeled as semitransparent, with the optical thickness ranging from zero to infinity. The results are compared to the limited data available. The optical thickens has a significant impact on the temperature field in (i) the arc and (ii) the anode surfaces exposed to the arc. The temperature of the cathode side-surface on which the small diameter carbon nanotube grew, is not sensitive to the optical thickness of the arc. The model indicates that the optical thickness of the arc should be high, aL ≥ 100.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.