A major obstacle to the widespread implementation of Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP) is the challenge of wafer temperature measurement. Frequently, lightpipe radiation thermometers are used to measure wafer temperatures in RTP reactors. While the lightpipe distorts the wafer temperature profile less than temperature measurement techniques which require physical contact, the presence of the lightpipe influences the wafer temperature profile. This paper presents the results of a theoretical study exploring that influence. The coupled radiation/conduction transport in the lightpipe enclosure is solved numerically. Radiation transfer in the system is modeled with varying levels of rigor, ranging from a simple volumetrically non-participating treatment to a full spectral solution of the Radiative Transfer Equation. The results reveal a rather significant effect of the lightpipe on the wafer temperature, which depends on the separation between the lightpipe tip and the wafer. The study illustrates clearly the need to model the lightpipe as a volumetrically participating, semitransparent medium, and further, the importance of accounting for spectral variation of the lightpipe properties in the prediction of the radiative transfer. Finally, two primary mechanisms are identified by which the lightpipe affects the wafer temperature distribution.
- Heat Transfer Division and Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
Investigation of Lightpipe Volumetric Radiation Effects in RTP Thermometry
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Frankman, DJ, Webb, BW, & Jones, MR. "Investigation of Lightpipe Volumetric Radiation Effects in RTP Thermometry." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 Summer Heat Transfer Conference collocated with the ASME 2005 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Integration and Packaging of MEMS, NEMS, and Electronic Systems. Heat Transfer: Volume 4. San Francisco, California, USA. July 17–22, 2005. pp. 199-209. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2005-72285
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