Numerical Simulations of liquid flow in a micro-channel between two horizontal plates are performed. The channel is infinite in streamwise and spanwise directions and its height is taken as 3.1×10−4 m which falls within the dimension ranges of micro-channels. The Navier-Stokes equations with the addition of Brinkman number (Br) to the energy equation are used as the governing equations and a spectral methods based approach is applied to obtain the required accuracy to handle liquid flow in the micro-channel. It is known for micro-channels that Br combines the effects of conduction and viscous dissipation in liquids and is also a way of comparing the importance of later relative to former. A laminar flow of a liquid in a micro-channel shows different characteristics compared to a similar flow in a macro-channel. To observe the differences, three different cases are run over each of a range of Reynolds numbers: one with no axial conduction assumption that correspond to a case similar to macro-channel flow, another case with axial conduction included in the energy equation to simulate one of the main differences and lastly a case with inclusion of Br number in the governing equations. The results are compared with each other to see the effects of axial conduction and Br inclusion. A qualitative comparison is made with the previous results in literature.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.