It has been demonstrated recently that it follows from conservation of mass that unsteady temperature fields create flow in an incompressible fluid with a temperature-dependent density even in the absence of gravity. The paper studies the influence of thermal expansion flow on spherically symmetric evaporation of an isolated droplet. A model problem of a droplet evaporating at a constant rate is first considered. In this idealized situation one can use the assumption of a thin thermal boundary layer to solve analytically the unsteady moving-boundary heat conduction problem to find the temperature field inside the droplet both with and without the thermal expansion flow. Next evaporation of a fuel droplet in a diesel engine is studied numerically. The heat diffusion equation is solved in the liquid phase while the standard quasi-steady model is used for the gas phase. The results of the calculation show that for high ambient temperatures the influence of the thermal expansion flow can be considerable.

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