In this paper mixed convection in an open cavity with a heated wall bounded by a horizontal unheated plate is investigated experimentally. The cavity has the heated wall on the opposite side of the forced inflow. The results are reported in terms of wall temperature profiles of the heated wall and flow visualization for Reynolds number (Re) from 100 to 2000 and Richardson number (Ri) in the range 4.3–6400; the ratio between the length and the height of cavity (L/D) is in the range 0.5–2.0 and the ratio between the channel and cavity height (H/D) is equal to 1.0. The present results show that at the lowest investigated Reynolds number the surface temperatures are lower than the corresponding surface temperature for Re = 2000, at same the ohmic heat flux. The flow visualization points out that for Re = 1000 there are two nearly distinct fluid motions: a parallel forced flow in the channel and a recirculation flow inside the cavity. For Re = 100 the effect of a stronger buoyancy determines a penetration of thermal plume from the heated plate wall into the upper channel. Moreover, the flow visualization points out that for lower Reynolds numbers the forced motion penetrates inside the cavity and a vortex structure is adjacent to the unheated vertical plate. At higher Reynolds number the vortex structure has a larger extension at same L/D value.
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Experimental Analysis of Opposing Flow in Mixed Convection in a Channel With an Open Cavity Below
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Manca, O, Nardini, S, & Vafai, K. "Experimental Analysis of Opposing Flow in Mixed Convection in a Channel With an Open Cavity Below." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 Summer Heat Transfer Conference collocated with the ASME 2005 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Integration and Packaging of MEMS, NEMS, and Electronic Systems. Heat Transfer: Volume 1. San Francisco, California, USA. July 17–22, 2005. pp. 617-626. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2005-72526
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