The convection-condensation heat transfer mechanism of the gas mixture and its influence on SO2 absorption were theoretically analyzed with vapor fraction of 8% to 28%. A modified film model of mass transfer in mixture gas and Nusselt theory were used to describe the characteristics of mass, momentum and energy transfer at the phase interface. The effects of the velocities induced by mass transfer (vapor condensation and SO2 absorption) were included in conducting governing equations. Vapor condensation improves the SO2 absorption in the wet flue gas. Vapor fraction in the gas mixture would alter the mechanism of heat transfer modes, single-phase convection or condensation. But for high mass fraction of vapor the SO2 absorption will be an important phenomenon in the condensation process. Another important factor influencing the SO2 absorption is the Re number of bulk flow of wet flue gas.

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