In recent years, the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) has begun to be used for predicting thermal transport in dielectrics and semiconductors at the sub-micron scale. However, most published studies make a gray assumption and do not account for either dispersion or polarization. In this study, we propose a model based on the BTE, accounting for transverse acoustic (TA) and longitudinal acoustic (LA) phonons as well as optical phonons. This model incorporates realistic phonon dispersion curves for silicon. The interactions among the different phonon branches and different phonon frequencies are considered, and the proposed model satisfies energy conservation. Frequency-dependent relaxation times, obtained from perturbation theory, and accounting for phonon interaction rules, are used. In the present study, the BTE is numerically solved using a structured finite volume approach. For a problem involving a film with two boundaries at different temperatures, the numerical results match the analogous exact solutions from radiative transport literature for various acoustic thicknesses. For the same problem, the transient thermal response in the acoustically thick limit matches results from the solution to the parabolic Fourier diffusion equation. Also, in the acoustically thick limit, the bulk experimental value of thermal conductivity of silicon at different temperatures is recovered from the model even at coarse phonon frequency band discretization.
Computations of Sub-Micron Heat Transport in Silicon Accounting for Phonon Dispersion
Narumanchi, SVJ, Murthy, JY, & Amon, CH. "Computations of Sub-Micron Heat Transport in Silicon Accounting for Phonon Dispersion." Proceedings of the ASME 2003 Heat Transfer Summer Conference. Heat Transfer: Volume 1. Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. July 21–23, 2003. pp. 569-578. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2003-47490
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