The demand of high speed and miniaturization of electronic components results in increased power dissipation requirement for thermal management. In this work, the effects of porosity (ε), pore density (PPI) and air velocity on the heat-transfer characteristics of aluminum-foam heat sinks are investigated experimentally. The phenomenon of non-local thermal equilibrium (NLTE) is also observed and reported. Results show that the Nu increases as the pore density increases, due to the fact that aluminum foam with a larger pore density has a larger heat-transfer area. The Nusselt number also increases with the increase of porosity due to the same reason. It is noted that temperatures of the solid and gas phases of the aluminum foam decrease as Reynolds number increases, caused by the increased convective heat-transfer rate at higher Reynolds number. The deduced temperature difference between solid and gas phases clearly indicates the existence of non-local thermal equilibrium condition within the aluminum-foam heat sink. The increase of the porosity and the pore density enhances the phenomenon of non-local thermal equilibrium. The temperature difference increases with the decrease of Reynolds number and the distance away from the heat source.

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