Local heat transfer coefficients and flow parameters were measured for air-water slug flow in a horizontal 25.4 mm stainless steel schedule 10S pipe with a length to diameter ratio of 100. For this systematic study, a total of 83 data points were taken by carefully coordinating the liquid and gas superficial Reynolds number combinations. The heat transfer data were measured under a uniform wall heat flux boundary condition ranging from about 3800 to 16000 W/m2. The superficial Reynolds numbers ranged from about 3160 to 30290 for water and from about 1480 to 5840 for air. Comparison of heat transfer data for slug flow revealed that the heat transfer results were significantly dependent on the liquid and gas superficial Reynolds numbers. Overall, the experimental heat transfer data showed that the liquid phase dominated the heat transfer. However, it was found that the heat transfer data having a fixed liquid superficial Reynolds number showed that the heat transfer coefficients decreased as the gas superficial Reynolds number increased. A general heat transfer correlation for two-phase gas-liquid flow was fitted to our experimental horizontal slug flow heat transfer data with a mean deviation of −2.77% and an RMS deviation of 9.92%. Furthermore, a simplified heat transfer correlation for slug flow was developed based on the trends of heat transfer coefficient over the superficial liquid and gas Reynolds numbers. The proposed correlation predicted the experimental data with a mean deviation of −1.44% and an RMS deviation of 5.15%.
Heat Transfer Measurements and Correlations for Air-Water Two-Phase Slug Flow in a Horizontal Pipe
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Ghajar, AJ, Malhotra, K, Kim, J, & Trimble, SA. "Heat Transfer Measurements and Correlations for Air-Water Two-Phase Slug Flow in a Horizontal Pipe." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference. Volume 3. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. July 11–15, 2004. pp. 745-753. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT-FED2004-56614
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