An experimental study is conducted to investigate effects of mesh-induced upstream turbulence on flip-flop flow inside diamond-shaped cylinder bundles. In order to quantitatively treat flip-flop flow induced by the self-excited oscillation of vortices, flow measurements by means of two-dimensional particle image velocimetry (PIV) and two-dimensional laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) are employed. Flow cross-sectional area and flow rate are varied to change the Reynolds number in the bundles. A turbulence mesh is installed a very short distance upstream from the inlet of the test section. The LDV is employed to measure velocity changes in the flip-flop flow, while power spectra representing its oscillating characteristics are determined from LDV data. The dominant frequency is observed special features are disclosed in the relationship between the Reynolds number and the Strouhal number representing the dimensionless dominant frequency in all power spectra of the flip-flop flow. It is disclosed that both the flow cross section and the upstream turbulence are related to the generation of flip-flop flow in complex manner, and that the effects of the turbulence differ depending upon the flow cross section.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.