In-line digital holography is utilized to measure the Lagrangian trajectory of droplets in locally isotropic turbulence. The objective of these measurements is to determine the diffusion rate of these droplets as a function of density ratio between the continuous and dispersed phases, Stokes number and turbulence level relative to the quiescent settling/rise velocity of the droplets. The present experiments are conducted using diesel fuel with diameters of 0.5–2 mm, specific gravity of 0.85 and Stokes number in the 0.2 to 5 range. The droplets are injected into a 50 × 50 × 50 mm sample volume located in the center of a 160 1 tank. The turbulence is generated by four spinning grids, located symmetrically in the corners of the tank. Planar PIV has been used to characterize the turbulence prior to the experiments. A time series of in-line digital holograms is recorded at 2000 frames per second using a 1000×1000 pixel digital camera by back illuminating the sample volume with a collimated laser beam. Numerical reconstruction generates a time series of high-resolution images of the droplets and tracer particles throughout the sample volume. Subsequent analysis is used to obtain the velocity along the droplet trajectory. Lagrangian correlations can then be used for calculating the diffusion rate of these droplets. In a smaller sample volume, with a 15×15 mm cross section, and by using localized seeding, we can also simultaneously measure the droplet velocity along with the velocity of the fluid in the vicinity of this droplet. The results provide statistics on the correlations between the droplet and fluid velocities.
An Investigation of Droplet Diffusion in Isotropic Turbulence With Digital Holographic PIV
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Malkiel, E, Sheng, J, Garber, D, & Katz, J. "An Investigation of Droplet Diffusion in Isotropic Turbulence With Digital Holographic PIV." Proceedings of the ASME 2004 Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conference. Volume 3. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. July 11–15, 2004. pp. 543-552. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/HT-FED2004-56237
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