The commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code Arena-flow is used to simulate the transient, three-dimensional flow in a gas-solid riser at Sandia National Laboratories. Arena-flow uses a multiphase particle-in-cell (MP-PIC) numerical method. The gas flow is treated in an Eulerian manner, and the particle flow is represented in a Lagrangian manner by large numbers of discrete particle clouds with distributions of particle properties. Simulations are performed using the experimental values of the gas superficial velocity and the solids mass flux in the riser. Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) particles are investigated. The experimental and computed pressure and solid-volume-fraction distributions are compared and found to be in reasonable agreement although the experimental results exhibit more variation along the height of the riser than the computational results do. An extensive study is performed to assess the sensitivity of the computational results to a wide range of physical and numerical parameters. The computational results are seen to be robust. Thus, the uncertainties in these parameters cannot account for the differences between the experimental and computational results.

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