Wind turbines are one of the most prominent and popular sources of renewable energy, of which, horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) are the majorly chosen design for wind machines. These turbines rotate about the horizontal axis which is parallel to the ground. They comprise of aerodynamic blades (generated from the desired airfoil), that may be twisted or tapered as per the design requirements. The blades are attached to a rotor which is located either upwind or downwind. To help wind the orientation of the turbines, the upwind rotors have a tail vane, while the downwind rotors are coned which in turn help them to self-orient. One of the major reasons for the popularity of the horizontal wind turbine, is its ability to generate a larger amount of electricity for a given amount of wind. Due to its popularity, the enhancement in the design of HAWTs, is a major focus area for research. In the present study, a scaled-down CFD model of the NREL Phase VI was validated against the numerical and experimental data. The model used had a dual blade rotor and applied the S809 airfoil. The simulations were carried out using a rotating mesh in ANSYS Fluent. Validation was carried out for 3 velocities — 7m/s, 10m/s and 20m/s. Once validation was carried out, turbine was modified with the addition of vortex generators, in the form of cylindrical protrusions that reduce flow separation.

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