Abstract

Flow through the Counter Rotating Turbine (CRT) stage is more complex due to the presence of two rotors that rotate in the opposite direction, the spacing between them and the tip clearance provided on rotors. This flow aspect may change, if we change the parameters like speed, spacing and blade angles. Current effort contains simulation studies on the flow topology of CRT through dissimilar speed ratios in the range of 0.85–1.17. CRT components stator and the rotors are modelled. At nozzle inlet, stagnation pressure boundary condition is used. At the turbine stage or rotor 2 outlet, mass flow rate is specified. Skin friction lines are drawn on rotor 1 as well as rotor 2 on all over the blade. Not much variation of skin friction lines is witnessed in rotor 1 on the pressure side with exception to the position of the separation line close to leading edge. On suction side, skin friction lines are more uniform when the speed ratio is greater than 1. Skin friction lines on rotor 2 pressure surface show the presence of re-attachment lines. The position of the nodal point of separation near the hub remained same, but the strength is decreasing with speed ratio. On rotor 2 suction side, near the tip, all along the stream wise direction, line of re-attachment is observed that spreads from leading edge to trailing edge, whose strength is varying with speed ratio. Near the hub as well, line of re-attachment is observed, which is of more intensity in lower speed ratios. For the same region in rotor 1, there is proper reattachment as nodes are observed instead of lines, suggesting that more improved flow is occurring in rotor 1 than rotor 2. Thus, the present paper identifies the flow modification with speed ratio in a counter rotating turbine. Also, effort is made to see the consequence of flow change on the output of CRT.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.