Impact events are very high speed and short duration events. Experimental analysis of such events tends to be extremely expensive and challenging to study because of the apparatus and measurement systems required to capture the event. Due to this, impact events are studied extensively through simulations. The ability to simulate these events is a dictating factor for developing better and more efficient designs.
Traditionally, loads occurring due to impact events are assumed to monotonically increase and hence pure isotropic strain hardening is sufficient to model the material behavior. However, this assumption doesn’t hold true for all impact events. When the loads caused by an impact do not monotonically increase but instead oscillate causing tension and compression cycles, pure isotropic hardening could lead to unrealistic results.
In this work, different strain hardening rules are studied and analyzed for a plate under impact loading. The process to obtain a parameter which sets a realistic combination of isotropic and kinematic strain hardening rules is demonstrated and discussed. Limitations of the existing practice of using isotropic hardening in impact loading cases are studied. An alternative approach to accommodate the kinematic hardening rule into material models using LS-DYNA, a finite element solver, is discussed.