Successful demonstration of safety of aircraft engines during extreme events such as Foreign Object Damage and Containment are mandatory for FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) certification. According to FAA every engine has to undergo fan blade out tests and engine has to contain this event without leading to major hazard to aircraft and loss of life. The fan blade out containment test involves the intentional release of a fan blade when the engine is running at full power. The released blade must not pierce or fracture the engine cases during the impact and which in turn can cause damage to the aircraft.
The current trend in the industry is to minimize tests through analytical simulations and demonstrate compliance to regulations and flight-safety requirements. Accurate simulations of such events save significant effort, time and cost. This paper presents the various simulation techniques to demonstrate fan case containment when subjected to fan blade out event. The modeling is carried out with simplifications and assumptions to minimize problem size and maximizing the accuracy in simulation. Various simulation techniques analyzed in this study are used to assess the modeling approach and parameters influence on the event simulation. The effect of rotor imbalance on blade failure and blade kinetic energy are also studied in this paper. LS-DYNA has the capability to perform implicit and explicit methods which is used to analyze the blade out event in this study.