The boundary layer developing on a turbo-machinery blade usually starts as a laminar layer but in most situations it inevitably becomes turbulent. The transition from laminar to turbulent in the boundary layer, which often causes a significant change in operational performance of the machinery, is generally influenced by the free-stream turbulence level, the pressure gradient, and surface curvature, etc. Therefore, boundary layer transition is an important phenomenon experienced by the flow through gas turbine engines. A substantial fraction of the boundary layer on both sides of a gas turbine airfoil may be transitional. The extended transition zone exist due to strong favorable pressure gradients, found on both near the leading edge portion of the suction side and the pressure side, which serve to stabilize the boundary layer and consequently delay the transition process, even under high free-stream turbulence intensity (FSTI) in practical gas turbine. It is very important to properly model and predict the high FSTI transition mechanism, since boundary layer transition leads to substantial increase in friction coefficients and heat transfer rate. Boundary layer separation, which is expected to be a significant problem on the suction side of some high pressure turbine airfoils due to shock-boundary layer interaction, also depends strongly on the state of boundary layer with respect to transition. Acceleration rates, Reynolds numbers and FSTI play very important role in controlling the boundary layer transition on the pressure side of gas turbine airfoils. The main objective of the present work is to study the performance of a high order LES turbulence model in predicting the transitional heat transfer characteristics over turbine vane surface under high pressure turbine flow conditions. In this regard the model is assessed to the precise experimental data where measurements were carried out in moderate temperature using three-vane cascades under steady state conditions. Two types of vane configurations were used in the experiment. The aerodynamic configurations of the two vanes were carefully selected to emphasize fundamental differences in the character of suction surface pressure distributions and the consequent effect on surface heat transfer distributions. In both the experiments and the computations, principle independent parameters (Mach number, Reynolds number, turbulence intensity, and wall-to-gas temperature ratio) were varied over ranges consistent with actual engine operation. The computed results explained measured data very satisfactorily and helped to have a very good understanding of basic mechanism involved in the complex flow behavior and transition from laminar to turbulent flow.

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