This paper presents the steady state numerical analyses carried out to investigate the effect of forward and backward swept rotor on the overall performance and stability margin of single stage transonic axial flow compressor. Initially, the analyses were carried out on a radially stacked rotor/baseline configuration and obtained the overall performance map of the compressor stage. These results were compared with the available experimental data for validation. Further, investigations were carried out on geometrically modified rotor with six configurations having 5, 10 and 15° forward and backward sweep. A commercial 3-Dimensional CFD package, ANSYS FLUENT was used to compute the complex flow field of transonic compressor rotors. The flow field structures were studied with the help of Mach number total pressure contours. The results of modified rotor geometry indicated that the peak adiabatic efficiency and the total pressure ratio for all the tested forward and backward swept rotor configurations are marginally higher than that of the baseline configuration at all speeds. The operating ranges of all the swept rotor configurations are found to be higher than that of the baseline configuration. The operating range is broader at lower operating speeds than at design speed condition. Rotor with 10° forward sweep and 5° backward sweep indicated the noteworthy improvement in the operating range against the baseline configuration. The stability margin of 11.3, 6.6, 5.2 and 3.5% at 60, 80, 90 and 100% of the design speed respectively compared to the baseline configuration obtained from 10° forward sweep. Rotor with 5° backward sweep showed the stability margin of 12, 4, 3.9 and 3% at 60, 80, 90 and 100% of the design speed respectively compared to the baseline configuration.
Numerical Analysis to Investigate the Effect of Swept Rotor on the Overall Performance of a Transonic Compressor Stage
Thimmaiah, SM, Gurikelu, R, & Sherief, N. "Numerical Analysis to Investigate the Effect of Swept Rotor on the Overall Performance of a Transonic Compressor Stage." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 Gas Turbine India Conference. ASME 2014 Gas Turbine India Conference. New Delhi, India. December 15–17, 2014. V001T01A010. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GTINDIA2014-8216
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